Cyberattacks Gain Steam in Early ’22: Tetra Defense Report

There appears to be no slowing down of cyberattacks during the first quarter of 2022, says Tetra Defense, an Arctic Wolf company, in its quarterly Incident Response Insights report.

“The first quarter of 2022 (January – March) was filled with unprecedented international geopolitical strife and economic uncertainty, but even with these global events, threat actors did not stop committing their cybercrimes against organizations of all sizes,” Tetra Defense says.

Known Vulnerabilities Exploited

Here are the key takeaways from the report:

  • 82% of incidents in which Tetra Defense responded were caused by the external exposure of a known vulnerability on the victim’s network a Remote Desktop Protocol (RDP).
  • Incidents caused by unpatched systems cost organizations 54% more than those caused by employee error.
  • Log4J/Log4Shell is still being actively exploited. However, significant global attention paid to the vulnerability has prevented ongoing widespread exploitation.
  • Compromised credentials still account for a number of incidents. That underscores the need for more organizations to adopt multi-factor authentication (MFA) and implement dark web monitoring, says Tetra Defense.

Tetra Defense’s “most notable” observations during Q1 include:

  • The Root Point of Compromise (RPOC) was often the initial entry point of a threat actor.
  • Despite widespread attention brought to Log4J/Log4Shell vulnerabilities, it was only the third most exploited external exposure in Q1, accounting for 22% of Tetra Defense’s total incident response cases.
  • Leading the way, and accounting for 33% of external exposure cases, was a series of Microsoft Exchange vulnerabilities known as ProxyShell.
  • “External Exposures” were the root cause of most incidents, but the action of an individual employee caused nearly one in five (18%) incidents.
  • An employee opening a malicious document was the root cause of more than half (54%) of the exposure incidents.
  • Compromised credentials (23%) was another major driver of “User Action” incidents. These incidents were from threat actors attacking username and password combinations. Employee password and user name reuse across multiple sites was a critical factor among incidents.

About the Report

The quarterly overview of the threat landscape allows Arctic Wolf and Tetra Defense to share knowledge with the security community and also inform how they build and enhance detections to anticipate future tactics, techniques and procedures.

Tetra Defense collects and analyzes data and insights from its incident response engagements in the United States. The information is a vital part of Tetra Defense’s assessment of the cyber threat landscape, helping guide underwriting strategies, loss prevention programs, broker advisement and client security priorities.

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